Comparing therapeutic efficacy between ivermectin, selamectin and moxidectin during natural infection with Dermanyssus gallinae in Serinus canaria birds

 

Gianluca Todisco 1 , Barbara Paoletti 2 , Angelo Giammarino 3 , Maurizio Manera 3 , Olivier Sparagano 4 , Raffaella Iorio 2 , Benedetta Giannella 3 , Domenico Robbe 1

1 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, 2 Department of Biomedical Science, 3 Department of Food Science - Veterinary Faculty, University of Teramo. 4 School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, UK.

 

ABSTRACT

Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778) or “poultry red mite” is a worldwide haematophagous acarian. It may become a serious pest, causing irritation, anemia, decreasing egg laying and, in some cases, even death of its host, particularly in newborns. The mite is also known to be a possible vector of various avian pathogens. D. gallinae feeds on the blood of domestic fowl, cage birds, pigeons and canaries well as wild birds and it may temporarily attack mammals, including humans. The mites stay on the host only to feed, and then move into neighbouring cracks and crevices to digest the blood-meal and to lay eggs. The objective of this study was to determine the comparative efficacy of 3 drugs on canaries in course of D. gallinae natural infection and during the breeding season.

 

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